What is a fixed period lease?
A lease which has an expiry date is a fixed period lease. Fixed period leases must be at least four weeks. The owner cannot ask the tenant to move out before the end of the lease date unless the tenant has broken a condition of the lease. This is the case even if the property is sold, however a tenancy can be terminated if the bank forecloses due to the owner defaulting on their mortgage.
When a tenant continues to live in a property and pay rent after a fixed term lease ends, but does not sign a new lease, the agreement immediately becomes a non-fixed term lease.
For details of what happens at the end of a fixed term lease see the section Ending a fixed period tenancy agreement.
What is a non-fixed period lease?
A lease (written or verbal) which does not have an expiry date is a non-fixed period lease.
Negotiating the end of a fixed period lease
A fixed period lease has a specific end date when a tenant is required to be out of the property and hand back the keys.
The tenant and owner can agree in writing to extend or renew the lease at any time prior to the end of the lease. If the owner wishes to extend the lease but increase the rent, see Increases in rent .
If the owner is requesting the tenant to leave early, the owner could assist the tenant with moving costs or reducing rent until they leave.
Fixed period lease due to end
If the owner does not wish to extend or renew the lease, they must serve the tenant with a Notice to Vacate at least 42 days (but not more than 60 days) before the lease end date.
The lease turns into a non-fixed period lease if:
- the lease is not terminated, extended or renewed; and
- a Notice to Vacate is not served; and
- the tenant continues to live at the property beyond the end date.
If the owner has given the tenant a Notice to Vacate but not 42 days before the end of the lease, the tenant can stay at the property until 42 days after the notice was served. The tenant is required to pay rent for this time. If the tenant leaves after the end of the lease, but before 42 days after the notice was given, they are only required to pay rent until the date they leave.
Evicting a tenant in a fixed period lease
If a tenant does not wish to leave early, an owner can evict them if:
- they give the tenant a Notice to Vacate; and
- the Notice to Vacate is because the tenant has breached the lease agreement or has caused substantial nuisance or
- the Notice to Vacate is because the property is due to be sold by a lending institution (eg a bank) in order to recover money owed by the owner. In this situation at least 60 days’ notice must be given to the tenant.
Notice to Vacate (for use by owners)
If an owner wishes to end a lease, they must serve the tenant with a Notice to Vacate, requesting the tenant to move out and hand back the keys by a certain date.
A Notice to Vacate is not needed where the tenant has abandoned the property or where a magistrate has issued an order of termination.
A Notice to Vacate may only be given in the following circumstances:
Fixed period leases:
- if the agreement is due to end within the next 60 days. In this situation, the owner must give the tenant at least 42 days’ notice (but not more than 60 days’ notice)
- the tenant has breached the lease. (But if the tenant then stops the issue that was breaching the lease before 14 days has passed, the notice has no effect). (If the breach is for rent arrears, see Arrears in rent)
- the tenant has caused a ‘substantial nuisance’.
Non-fixed period leases:
- if the property has been sold, is to be renovated, rented to a family member or used for a purpose other than rental.
- In these cases, 42 days’ notice must be given to the tenant.
- If the property has been sold, the notice must be served with proof of an agreement to sell the property for example, a de-identified contract for sale
- a Notice to Vacate can be given if the property is sold by a lending institution (eg a bank) to recover money owed by the owner. This notice must provide at least 60 days’ prior to the date the tenant is to leave.
- the tenant has failed to comply with a condition of the lease.
- If the tenant complies with the condition of the lease before 14 days has passed, the notice has no effect.
- If the breach is for rent arrears, see Arrears in rent
- the tenant has caused a ‘substantial nuisance’.
If the wrong number of days’ notice is given, the tenant will only have to vacate the day after they would have had to leave had the notice period been correct.
If the lease end date is before the end of the 42 days’ notice: the tenant does not have to leave until the 42 days is up (but still pay rent). If they leave after the lease end date but before the 42 days’ notice, they only have to pay rent until the date they leave.
If you are unsure about serving a Notice to Vacate, contact Rental Services.
If you have received a Notice to Vacate and are unsure about whether or when you have to leave the property, contact the Tenants’ Union of Tasmania or Rental Services.
Contents of the Notice to Vacate
The Notice to Vacate must contain:
- the date of serving the notice
- the name of the tenant
- the name of the owner
- details of the rental property
- the reason for giving the notice (if it is for rental arrears, the full amount of rent that will be due on the date the notice is to take effect should be stated in the notice)
- the date on which the notice takes effect (that is, the day the tenant is to ‘deliver vacant possession’, or hand the keys back).
Number of days in the notice period
A Notice to Vacate must give at least 14, 42 or 60 ‘clear days’ notice. This means that the day you serve the notice and the day the tenant is to be moved out and return the keys do not count – you must have 14, 42 or 60 days in between these two events.
The days in between include weekends and public holidays; but the notice cannot take effect on a public holiday. If the date of effect written on the notice is a public holiday, the actual date of effect will not be until the following day.
Similarly, you cannot serve a notice on a public holiday. If you do, the time does not start until the next non-public holiday day.
If you miscalculate the number of days, the notice is still valid, it just won’t take effect until the day after it would have taken effect had you given the correct number of days’ notice.
Serving a Notice to Vacate or terminate
A notice can be served by giving it to a person, leaving at their last address, or by using a process server to deliver it to their last known living or postal address or to their business or place of employment.
If you believe that a dispute is likely to result from service of this notice, it is recommended that a witness be present who can vouch for you serving the notice in one of the above ways.
Arrears in rent
If a notice is given because the tenant is behind in their rent, the notice is of no effect if the tenant pays all the arrears in rent before the 14 days have passed.
This is the case for the first two times in a 12 month period that a Notice to Vacate is given for this reason. The third time a Notice to Vacate is given for rental arrears in a 12 month block, it will not matter if the tenant pays all the rent due – they will still have to leave.
Tenant will not leave after a Notice to Vacate
If a Notice to Vacate is served and the tenant does not leave, the owner must apply for an Order to Vacate from the Magistrates Court. If this happens, the owner must deliver a copy of the application to the tenant as soon as possible after they have lodged their application with the Magistrates Court.
If the application is not made within 28 days of the notice taking effect, then the notice lapses. This means that the owner must serve another Notice to Vacate before they can then apply to the Magistrates Court.
When assessing an application for an Order to Vacate, the Court will consider:
- whether the Notice to Vacate was served correctly
- whether the reasons for serving the notice were genuine
- whether the tenant was served with a copy of the application within a reasonable time before the application is heard by the Magistrate.
For more information on Court processes, contact the Magistrates Court of Tasmania.
Regaining possession of the property
It is an offence for an owner to regain possession (for example, to enter the property and change the locks, or prevent the tenant from living there) unless vacant possession is delivered by: the tenant; an order of the Court; or unless the property has been abandoned.
If an owner is not sure whether a tenant has abandoned the property, they can apply to the Magistrates Court for an Order of Abandonment. For more information, contact the Court.
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